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Energy efficiency in Spain

The implementation of a Management System for Energy (EnMS) allows to optimize the use and consumption of energy in organizations and companies of all kind and sizes of industries, as the Association of Energy Efficiency (A3e) explains. "Its growing popularity led to the creation in 2011 of the international standard ISO 50001, which raises energy management based on continuous improvement of models of consumption and production processes," they add. At the moment there are now three companies that have passed the audit and has the seal (a distinction granted by ANESE). In the coming weeks we will know about more cases that are already in process. Especially, the pretention from the association is to claim that this information will help the client having more training on energy efficiency and ESEs, being the user the one who requires the best service.


Buildings account for 40% of European energy consumption and one third of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). The initiative RESSEEPE (rehabilitation services and solutions for improving energy efficiency in public buildings) comes to meet the urgent need for Europe to be transformed into an economy of low carbon to meet the security objectives of climate and power. It is a European project funded by the 7th Framework Programme participated by 25 partners from across Europe, including the pilot buildings. "Among the Spanish partners we can quote Tecnialia, OHL, incurved, Fundació CIM, Eurecat-ASCAMM, LEITAT, IPC, Puma Group, the 'Hospital de Sabadell' (PUC) and the 'Hospital de Terrassa' (CST)", as Tecnalia explained us. "One of the most profitable to meet energy reduction targets, as specified in the European Economic Recovery Plan, is to focus on the existing building measures". RESSEPE includes research and development of different technologies, innovative design and construction elements based on them, their manufacture, demonstration and evaluation of them in public buildings that function as pilots and must demonstrate "improved building performance as energy efficiency due to rehabilitation. Reductions of around 50% of energy consumption and 50% reduction of GHG, and a return on investment in 10 years in the rehabilitated buildings are pursued", said the same source. Tecnalia leads the work package Technology Development for rehabilitation solutions in buildings, and is also involved in the technological development of superinsulator mortar based on airgel, ventilated facades with photovoltaic, electrochromic windows with photovoltaic power, stationary storage, and control strategies predictive models of air conditioning systems, as they told us.


"The consumption, energy efficiency and advances in the world of telecommunications and information technology will allow the full development of so-called smart cities built for and with citizens. Distributed generation in small installations near the place of consumption is more efficient, flexible and diversified, and puts the consumer in the place and claiming that it is possible: to be the center of deciding how and what wishes to consume energy " said José Donoso, CEO of Spanish Photovoltaic Union (UNEF) and president of Fotoplat, for the preparation of this report. According Fotoplat the main points for the development of Smart Cities in energy they are: integration of renewable energies; BIPV (contributes to the integration of renewable energy network and transforms the passive elements of the buildings in active elements that produce electricity and are essential to achieve the goal of near-zero consumption buildings); virtually zero consumption buildings; storage management of energy. Today the goal is 2020, for the Community strategy, sets figures, objectives, but the challenge must not be around energy efficiency is a must.


An economic report by AEFYT indicates the sector of cold will be punished by a sharp drop in revenue and an increase in bankruptcies and business closures, with a consequent negative impact on the labor market, with the entry into force of Article 5 of Law 16/2013 on Tax fluorinated gases. This report concludes with implications as black market increased by about five times; the entry into the Spanish market of fluorinated gases through intra-Community transactions that could avoid the tax; the increase in administrative costs by 8%; and the growth of financial costs by 15%. To alleviate the "severe economic effects," AEFYT called for the immediate repeal of the tax or at least maintaining the current tax rate of 0.33 in 2014.


According to José María González Moya, director of the Association of Renewable Energies-APPA, last year the Spanish electrical system closed with an installed capacity of 107,954 MW -32,850 MW corresponded to renewables technologies-. In 2014 they settled in Spain only 43 MW of renewable energy, a figure that clearly reflects the paralysis experienced by the renewable sector in our country, in 2012 and in 2013 had installed 2,300 and 2,882 MW, respectively. No doubt, 2014 has been the most catastrophic year has faced the Spanish renewable sector since its birth and implementation. Still, thanks to the installed power in the past, renewable electricity generated in 2014 to cover 42.8% of mainland demand, highlighting the contribution of wind power, with 20.3%.